Can My Landlord Evict Me without the Proper Notice?

Basically no. In all states there are landlord tenant laws that dictate the length of time required for giving notice even if there is no obvious reason for doing so, from your point of view. However, if you fail to pay rent on time, your landlord can give you a 3 day notice to pay or vacate. In the few times that I have been forced to give a tenant that notice, I also gave them a 30 day notice and on the 3rd day of non payment, and eviction notice.

That being said, you do not mention how you know your landlord wants to evict you. I assume you were told verbally. Notice needs to be made in writing. It can be posted on your door and mailed to your current address of record. It can also be served by a process server.

If you have no notice but your landlord told you to move out, I suggest that you contact that person to discuss the problem and try to resolve it. You can also hire a lawyer but it will be quite expensive and you will probably not recover any of those costs.   If you are given notice and it is not resolved, make arrangements and move out as per the notice.